Effects of Nanofertilizers (Mg and Fe) and Planting Data on Productivity and Quality of Potato Tubers in Cold Desert Climate

Amir Khodadadi Karooki, Mohammadreza Yavarzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Akbarian, Ali Akbar Askari

Resumo


Interaction among nanofertilizers supply and planting data may yield synergistic outputs that could influence nutrient use efficiency. To provide insight on this phenomenon, a double split plot based on RCBD with 3 replications were laid out to evaluate the effects spraying solution of nanoparticles magnesium (Mg) and iron (Fe); 0.0 %, 1.0 %, and 2.0 % at flowering and tuber filling stages) and planting data (October 5, 2019 and October 25, 2019) on bioelements, protein nitrogen, and nitrates contents of Sante potato tubers in a cold desert climate (Kerman, Iran). Considering the control group, the use of different dosages of nanofertilizers resulted in a significant increase in the bioelements and pH contents. Besides effects of area and time of planting, their two and three effects on tuber chlorophyll contents were reported significant. The highest protein and nitrogen portion of the potato tubers were related to spraying solution of Mg (1.0 %) + Fe (2.0 %)  nanofertilizers. Increasing nanofertilizers supplementation reduced the nitrate content of potato tubers. The results indicated that the application of nanofertilizers significantly increased the carotenoid portion of the potato tubers. The interaction effects of nanofertilizers and planting data on chlorophyll index and calcium levels of potato tubers
were completely significant. Our analysis corroborated that application nanofertilizers by spraying during flowering and tuber filling stages enhances potato productivity and quality by improving bioelements or resulting in favorable physiological outcomes and is recommended to farmers.


Palavras-chave


Bioelements. Sante potato tubers. Nanofertilizers. Nitrate. Planting data. Iran.

Texto completo:

ENGLISH (English)

Referências


AL-Jobori, K.M.M.; AL-Hadithy, S.A., (2014). Response of Potato (Solanum Tuberosum) to Foliar Application of Iron, Manganese, Copper and Zinc. Int. J. Agri. Crop. Sci., 7(7): 358-363.

Birch PRJ, Bryan G, Fenton B, Gilroy EM, Hein I, Jones JT, Prashar A, Taylor MA, Torrance L, Toth IK. 2012. Crops that feed theworld 8: potato: are the trends of increased global production sustainable? Food Security, 4: 477–508.

Ciecko, Z.; Zolnowski, A.C.; Mierzejwska, A., (2010). Effect of Foliar Nitrogen and Magnesium Fertilization on the Total, Protein Nitrogen and Nitrates (V) Content in Potato Tubers. Ecol. Chem. Eng A., 17(6): 593-600.

Eakin, J.F., (1972). Food and Fertilizers, In The Fertilizer Handbook, The Fertilizer Inst., Washington DC, USA, 1-21.

OECD/Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2015-2030; OECD/Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Rome, Italy, 2015.

Gerendás, J.; Führs, H. (2013). The significance of magnesium for crop quality. Plant. Soil., 368: 101–128.

Hmelak, G.A.; Urih, G.; Langerholc, T.; Kristil, J., (2014). Nitrate content in potatoes cultivated in contaminated groundwater areas. J. Food. Res., 3: 18–27.

Ierna, A., (2009). Influence of harvest date on nitrate contents of three potato varieties for o_-season production. J. Food. Compos. Anal., 22: 551–555.

Jeroen, H.F.; de Baaij, A.; Joost, G.J.; Hoenderop, C.; René, J.M.; Bindels, K., (2015). Magnesium in man: implications for health and disease. Physiol. Rev., 95: 1–46.

Jones, J., (2001). Laboratory Guide for Conducting Soil Tests and Plant Analysis. CRC Press, LLC. USA.

Kohnaward, P.; Jalilian, J.; Pirzad, A., (2012). Effect of foliar application of Micro-nutrients on yield and yield components of safflower under conventional and ecological cropping systems. Int. Res. J. Appl. Basic. Sci., 3(7): 1460-1469.

Mengel, K.; Kirkby, E.A., (2001). Principles of Plant Nutrition. Kluwer Acad. Publ., Dordrecht, Boston, London.

Nèjia, F.; Amine, E.; Walid, Z.; Abderrazak, S.; Chedly, A.; Mokded, R., (2016). Effects of magnesium deficiency on photosynthesis and carbohydrate partitioning. Acta. Physiol. Plant., 38: 145.

Ostrowska, A.; Gawliñski, S.; Szczubiaka, Z., (1991). Methods of analysis and assessment of soil and plant properties, IOOE, Warszawa, 334 [In Polish].

Poberezny, J.; Wszelaczynska E., (2011). Effect of bioelements (N, K, Mg) and long-term storage of potato tubers on quantitative and qualitative losses. Part II. Content of dry matter and starch. J. Elementol., 16: 237-246.

Pobereżny, J.; Wszelaczyńska, E.; Wichrowska, D.; Jaskulski, D., (2014). Content of nitrates in potato tubers depending on the organic matter, soil fertilizer, cultivation simplifications applied and storage. Chilean. J. Agri. Res., 75(1): 42-49.

Rogozinska, I.; Pawelzik, E.; Poberezny, J.; Delgado, E., (2005). The effect of different factors on the content of nitrate in some potato varieties. Potato. Res., 48: 167–180.

Rosen, C.J.; Kelling, K.A.; Stark, J.C.; Porter, G.A., (2014). Optimizing Phosphorus Fertilizer Management in Potato Production. Am. J. Potato. Res., 2: 66-73.

Rytel, E., (2012). Changes in the levels of glycoalkaloids and nitrates after the dehydration of cooked potatoes. Am. J. Potato. Res., 89: 501–507.

Ryan, J.R.; Stefan, G.; Rashid, A., (2001). Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual (2nd ed). ICARDA. Aleppo, Syria, 172.

Shang, Y.; Hasan, M.K.; Ahammed, G.J.; Li, M.; Yin, H.; Zhou, J., (2019). Applications of Nanotechnology in Plant Growth and Crop Protection: A Review. Molecules., 24: 2558.

Wang, Z.; Hassan, M.U.I.; Nadeem, F.; Wu, L.; Zhang, F.; Li, X., (2020). Magnesium Fertilization Improves Crop Yield in Most Production Systems: A Meta-Analysis. Syst. Rev., 10: 1027.

Westerman, L.Z., (1990). Soil Testing and Plant Analysis. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Book Ser. 5. Madison, WI, USA.

White, P.J.; Broadley, M.R., (2009). Biofortification of crops with seven mineral elements often lacking in 638 human diets-iron, zinc, copper, calcium, magnesium, selenium and iodine. New. Phytol., 182: 49-84.

Wroniak, J., (2006). Nutrition qualities of edible potato. Ziemn Pol. 6: 17–20. (In Polish).

Wszelaczyńska, E.; Pobereżny, J.; Kozera, W.; Knapowski, T.; Pawelzik, E.; Spychaj-Fabisiak, E., (2020). Effect of Magnesium Supply and Storage Time on Anti-Nutritive Compounds in Potato Tubers. Agronomy., 10: 339.

Zengin, M.; Gokmen, F.; Gezgin, S.; Çakmak, I., (2008). Effects of different fertilizers with potassium and magnesium on the yield and quality of potato. Asian. J. Chem., 20(1): 663-676.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18406/2316-1817v13n120211580

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Direitos autorais 2021 Mohammadreza Yavarzadeh, Amir Khodadadi Karooki, Mohammad Mehdi Akbarian, Ali Akbar Askari


Rev. Agrogeoambiental, Pouso Alegre, MG, Brasil. e-ISSN: 2316-1817

Licença Creative Commons

A Revista Agrogeoambiental está licenciada por uma Licença Creative Commons - Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.