Using maternal strain in tilapia production (Oreochromis niloticus)




Diallel cross, Maternal effect, Morphometry, Fillet yield


The world’s fish production has been growing in response to the great demand for healthy food and Brazil has the conditions
to export fish. However, the development of the chain is necessary, with the use of production techniques and tested genetic
material. Tilapia is an excellent breeder, however, studies on specialized varieties need to be performed. Therefore, this work
was developed with the objective of evaluating the effect of using a maternal variety adapted to the region on morphometric
performance and meat production of the offspring. Data from offspring originating from nine distinct genetic groups produced
in the 2015/2016 aquaculture year were collected in the fish farming sector of the Federal University of Lavras. All animals
were weighed and had their morphometry measured, then slaughtered and processed in order to obtain the weight of the
cuts and processing residues. The general and specific combining ability and the maternal effect were estimated and the
morphometric averages, cuts, and yields were grouped using the Scott-Knott method (p<0.05). In general, the genetic groups
descending from MGTUFLAP variety had worse performance for head size and filet weight but obtained higher filet yield
and lower carcass yield. The adapted variety had good general and specific combining ability, as well as a better maternal
effect on the traits of head weight and filet yield. It is concluded that the MGTUFLAP variety as a maternal line provided a
reduction in carcass weight and promoted an increase in fillet yield in its progenies.


ALLAMAN, I. B.; REIS NETO, R. V.; FREITAS, R. T. F. D.; FREATO, T. A.; LAGO, A. D. A.; COSTA, A. C.; LIMA, R. R. D. Weight and morphometric growth of different strains of tilapia (Oreochromis sp). Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, v.42, p. 305-311, 2013. DOI:

BENTSEN, H. B.; EKNATH, A. E.; PALADA-DE VERA, M. S.; DANTING, J. C.; BOLIVAR, H. L.; REYES, R. A.; DIONISIO, E. E.; LONGALONG, F. M.; CIRCA, A. V.; TAYAMEN, M. M.; GJERDE, B. Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: growth performance in a complete diallel cross experiment with eight strains of Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture v. 160, p. 145–173, 1998. DOI:

BLAY, C.; HAFFRAY, P.; BUGEON, J.; D’AMBROSIO, J.; DECHAMP, N.; COLLEWET, G.; ENEZ, F.; PETIT, V.; COUSIN, X.; CORRAZE, G.; PHOCAS, F. Genetic parameters and genome-wide association studies of quality traits characterised using imaging technologies in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Front Genet v. 12, p. 639223, 2021.

BOSCOLO, W. R.; HAYASHI, C.; SOARES, C. M.; FURUYA, W. M.; NAGAE, M. Y. Desempenho e características de carcaça de machos revertidos de tilápia do Nilo, Oreochromis niloticus, linhagens tailandesa e comum, nas fases inicial e de crescimento. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, Viçosa, v.30, n.5, p.1391-1396, 2001. DOI:

CAMPOS-MENDOZA, A.; MCANDREW, B. J.; COWARD, K.; BROMAGE, N. Reproductive response of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) to photoperiodic manipulation; effects on spawning periodicity, fecundity and egg size. Aquaculture, v. 231, n. 1-4, p. 299-314, 2004. DOI:

CÔA, F.; MEDEIROS, A. M. Z.; BARBIERI, E. Record of nile tilapia in the mandira river, Cananéia, São Paulo state. B. Instituto de Pesca, São Paulo, v. 43, n. 1, p. 87 - 91, 2017. DOI: 10.20950/1678-2305.2017v43n1p87

ELER, J. P. Teorias e métodos em melhoramento genético animal: sistemas de acasalamento. Pirassununga: Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos da USP. 2017. 129 p. DOI:

EL-SAYED, A. F. M.; MANSOUR, C. R.; EZZAT, A. A. Effects of dietary lipid source on spawning performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) broodstock reared at different water salinities. Aquaculture, v. 248, p. 187 - 196, 2005. DOI:

FEINER, Z. S.; WANG, H. Y.; EINHOUSE, D. W.; JACKSON, J. R.; RUTHERFORD, E. S.; SCHELB, C.; HÖÖK, T. O. Thermal environment and maternal effects shape egg size in a freshwater fish. Ecosphere, v. 7, n.5, 2016. DOI:

GJERDE, B.; REFSTIE, T. Complete diallel cross between five strains of Atlantic salmon. Livestock Production Science, v. 11, n. 2, p. 207-226, 1984. DOI:

GREEN, B. S. Maternal effects in fish populations. Advances in marine biology, v. 54, p. 1-105. 2008. DOI:

LAGO, A. A.; REIS-NETO, R. V.; REZENDE, T. T.; DA SILVA RIBEIRO, M. C.; DE FREITAS, R. T. F.; HILSDORF, A. W. S. Quantitative analysis of black blotching in a crossbred red tilapia and its effects on performance traits via a path analysis methodology. Journal of Applied Genetics, v. 60, p. 393-400, 2019. DOI:

LEONHARDT, J. H.; FILHO, M. C.; FROSSARD, H.; MORENO, A. M. Caracteristicas morfométricas, rendimento e composição do filé de tilápia do Nilo, oreochromis niloticus, da linhagem tailandesa, local e do cruzamento de ambas. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 27, n.1, p. 125-132, 2006. Access in:

LUNDSTEDT, L.M.; LEONHARDT, J. H.; DIAS, A. L. Alterações morfométricas induzidas pela reversão sexual em tilápia do Nilo, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1757). Revista Unimar, Maringá, v.19, n.2, p.461-472, 1997.

NIELSEN, H. M.; ØDEGÅRD, J.; OLESEN, I.; GJERDE, B.; ARDO, L.; JENEY, G.; JENEY, Z. Genetic analysis of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) strains: I: Genetic parameters and heterosis for growth traits and survival. Aquaculture, v. 304, n. 1-4, p. 14-21, 2010. DOI:

OPIYO, M. A.; OBIERO, K. O.; ABWAO, J.; AWUOR, F. J.; KYULE, D.; MUNGUTI, J. Comparative growth performance of genetically male, sex-reversed, and mixed-sex nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) reared in earthen ponds in Sagana, Kenya Mary. Aquaculture studies, v. 21, n. 1, p. 23-30, 2020. DOI: 10.4194/2618-6381-v21_1_03

PEIXE BR - ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DA PISCICULTURA - Anuário Peixe BR da Piscicultura. 2022. 101 p. Access in:

QIANG, J.; DUAN, X. J.; ZHU, H. J.; HE, J.; TAO, Y. F.; BAO, J. W.; XU, P. (2021). Some ‘white’oocytes undergo atresia and fail to mature during the reproductive cycle in female genetically improved farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture, v. 534, p. 736278, 2021. DOI:

REIS NETO, R. V. R.; HASHIMOTO, D. T.; CORRÊA, C. F.; ENKE, D. B. S.; GERVAZ, W. R.; LATTANZI, G. R. Performance of tambacu hybrid (♂ Piaractus mesopotamicus x ♀ Colossoma macropomum) and its parental pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) evaluated in cages under different feeding programmes. Aquaculture Reports, v. 17, n. 1, p. 100355, 2020. DOI: https:// doi. org/ 10. 1016/ j. aqrep. 2020. 100355

RUTTEN, M. J. M.; BOVENHUIS, H.; KOMEN, H. Modeling fillet traits based on body measurements in three Nile tilapia strains (Oreochromis niloticus L.). Aquaculture, v. 231, n. 1-4, p. 113-122, 2004. DOI:

SANTOS, V. B. D., FREITAS, R. T. F. D., SILVA, F. F., & FREATO, T. A. Avaliação de curvas de crescimento morfométrico de linhagens de tilápia do Nilo (Oreochromis niloticus). Ciência e Agrotecnologia, v. 31, p. 1486-1492, 2007. DOI:

SAS INSTITUTE (1999). User’s guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

Yu, X., Wu, L., Xie, L., Yang, S., Charkraborty, T., Shi, H., ... & Zhou, L. (2014). Characterization of two paralogous StAR genes in a teleost, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 392(1-2), 152-162. DOI:



Como Citar

Rezende, C. E., Marçal, D. C. P. ., & Freitas, R. T. F. . (2023). Using maternal strain in tilapia production (Oreochromis niloticus). Revista Agrogeoambiental, 15(unico), e20231804.